Neuro-ophthalmology is a complex medical specialty that treats vision problems originating in the brain or nerves instead of the eye. Brain injuries, stroke, problems with the optic nerve, and even spasms in the muscles surrounding the eye can all interfere with sight. A neuro-ophthalmologist provides specialized care for the eyes, brain, nerves that support vision, and muscles surrounding the eyes.
Often, a patient is referred to a neuro-ophthalmologist when vision problems can't be explained by standard eye exams. Even if the eyes are working correctly, there are a surprising number of issues that can cause vision loss. Some of the problems that neuro-ophthalmologists treat include:
Neuro-ophthalmologists need to examine the function of the brain and nervous system as well as the eyes in order to care for patients. They may order specialized tests that can provide more information about what's going on inside the body. It's common for a visit to begin with an eye exam, but neuro-ophthalmologists often order CT scans or MRIs as well. In addition, they may perform:
Sudden problems with your vision can be very frightening. A neuro-ophthalmologist can provide you with information about why your vision has changed, as well as make recommendations for treatment.